Transferring periods of work and insurance from another EEA Country
You move to Denmark - how can you use your acquired rights from your home country ?
Your right to quicker access to unemployment benefits in Denmark depends in most cases on what nationality you have.
However for individuals who move to Denmark from another Nordic country the nationality is irrelevant.
For the following groups of persons there are different rules/requirements:
- Nationals of non-EU countries.
Nationals of non-EU countries, legally residing on the territory of the EU, who have moved between these countries, and their family members, as a general rule (this means in all other EAA countries) have the right to transfer earned rights from one EU-country to another.
BUT Denmark has a special rule saying that Denmark only accepts to take into account acquired unemployment benefit rights of EU-nationals.
So as a non-EU national - even if you have been working and insured against unemployment in another EU country, you can NOT transfer your earned rights regarding unemployment insurance to Denmark.
For non-EU Nationals coming from one of the other Nordic countries, please see our special section below.
- For EU-nationals moving to Denmark there is an additional requirement before you can transfer your acquired rights from your own EEA-country:
Like in other EEA countries, you must apply for membership of an Danish A-kasse within 8 weeks after you ceased to be insured in another EEA country, but in Denmark there is an additional requirement saying that - if you have not been member of a danish A-kasse within the last 5 years - within the 8 weeks you must begin work in Denmark and work for at least 296 hours over 12 weeks / 3 months.
Among all the EEA-countries, this requirement for additional work is found only in Denmark and Finland (in Finland the requirement is 4 weeks of work before you can transfer your rights from you own country).
For being able to transfer your rights you need a PD U1 document.
The form is issued by the public employment service or the competent social security institution in the last country(ies) where you worked.
Submit it to the A-kasse in Denmark where you wish to become member.
You can see how the PD U1 looks like here.
- Residents (EU or non-EU nationals) coming from the Nordic Countries (Sweden, Finland, Norway, Iceland) are treated according to the Nordic convention on social security (from 2014). Regardless of whether you are an EU/EEA or non EU/EEA citizen you will be treated like EU nationals - if you have been covered by the social security rules in one of the Nordic Countries (have been subject to the legislation there). Denmark has in the convention committed itself to use the rules for EU Nationals (see above) also on non-EU Nationals coming from one of the other Nordic countries.
- If you are citizen of the Faroe Islands, the only condition is that you apply for membership of a Danish A-kasse within 8 weeks after you ceased to be insured in the Faroe Islands
Nordic convention on social security (from 2014).
Regulation (EU) no. 883/2004 on the coordination of social security systems
Dansk-Færøsk aftale om dagpenge
Main topics about A-kasse
Transferring periods of work and insurance from another EEA CountryAs an EU citizen you can transfer acquired rights from Unemployment Insurance between EU contries. Be aware that there are some requirements and deadlines that are important to meet. And you have to use a PD U1 Form. Read more here..
Transferring unemployment benefitsUnder certain conditions you can go to another EU country to look for work and continue to receive your unemployment benefits from the country where you became unemployed. And you have to use a PD U2 Form. Read more here..
Unemployment benefits ("dagpenge")Remember you have to be member of an A-kasse for 1 year before you can claim Unemployment benefits ("dagpenge"). And you must meet the income-requirement. Read more here..
International graduatesGraduates in Denmark can get Unemployment benefits from the first day after graduation, if they have been member as student of an A-kasse for at least 1 year. Read more...
Residence CardIf you are a non-EU citizen you must have a residence Card which allows you to take any job with one day notice. This is because you must be available for the labor market for being eligible for unemployment benefits ("dagpenge").
Membership fee and taxYou will automatically get a deduction in your tax for your fee to the A-kasse and trade union. There is no ceiling on the amount you can get a deduction for when it comes to contributions to A-kasse, whereas you can get a maximum deduction of DKK 6,000 for a trade union.